Visit the Colosseum and Pantheon and explore the ruins of the Forum Romanum. The sights of Rome take you back 2,000 years in time to the rich history of the Roman Empire.
Of all the sights in Rome, the Colosseum is by far the most famous. It is even considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The Colosseum is around 2,000 years old and was the largest amphitheatre in the Roman Empire. This is where gladiators battled against each other and wild animals. Admission was free to watch these spectacular battles and there was room for 70,000 spectators! The Colosseum has become somewhat dilapidated after thousands of years, but is still tremendously impressive.
The Pantheon is also an important symbol of the Roman Empire. It was initially built as a temple to worship the ancient Roman gods, but has been a Roman Catholic church since the beginning of the 7th century. The Pantheon is famous for its portico of Corinthian columns and gigantic unreinforced concrete dome. It is located on the Piazza della Rotonda, where you’ll also find the Pantheon Fountain. The fountain itself and its stairs are perfect for relaxing and people watching.
Vatican City is the smallest country in the world and is governed by the Pope. There is so much to see in Vatican City that you could easily spend days there. These sights include St. Peter’s Basilica, with its beautiful dome, and St. Peter’s Square where it is located and which is considered the heart of the Catholic world. The Vatican museums contain some of the world’s best art collections, including works by the old masters in Italy Rafaël and Da Vinci. The perfect destination for art lovers!
The Baroque Trevi Fountain can be summed up in one word: amazing! It is no less than 26 metres high and 22 metres wide. The name refers to the point on the square that used to be a junction of three roads (‘tre vie’). The fountain contains a statue of Neptune riding a chariot in the shape of a shell. Once at the fountain during your citytrip to Rome, don’t forget to turn your back to it and throw a coin into it over your shoulder. Legend has it that those who do will someday return to Rome. Around €3,000 worth of coins are thrown into the fountain every day. This money is donated to charities in the region.
Those wanting to delve even further back in time should visit the Forum Romanum, one of the most famous archeological sights in the world. The forum was once the centre of the Roman Empire. Nowadays, only ruins remain, such as the Temple of Castor and Pollux.