Prague is known as the Golden City or the City of a Hundred Spires. Check out these sights and you will understand why.
The Charles Bridge across the Vltava River connects the old city centre to the Malá Strana area. For years, the bridge was the only good connection between east and west Prague but nowadays, the Charles Bridge is only accessible by foot. Thousands of tourist cross it every day and it is a true hotspot for street artists. The bridge has two towers on either end and is embellished with 30 beautiful Baroque statues. It is said that touching one of the statues will bring you luck!
Prague Castle is one of the city’s major attractions. It was built in the 9th century and is the largest fort in the world. Over the centuries, it has housed Bohemian noblemen, Roman emperors and Czech presidents. It is now the home of the Czech Republic’s government. If you are in the area around noon, make your way to the main entrance to watch the changing of the guards.
Many of Prague’s sights, such as the city hall, the palaces and the Church of St Nicholas, are concentrated on the 9,000-square-metre Old Town Square. When you’re there, make sure to have a look at the Astronomical Clock. Hoards of tourists gather in front of the historic clock on the hour every hour to see the doors open and the apostles parading: an absolute must-see!
The St Vitus Cathedral lies within Prague Castle. The first stone was laid in 1344, but it then took an incredible 600 years to finish building the Cathedral! The Cathedral is therefore built in several different styles, including Gothic and Viennese classicism. The St Vitus Cathedral is the seat of the Archbishop of Prague and also houses the crown jewels of the Czech Republic. The Cathedral’s 96.5-tall spire can be seen from far and wide. And if you climb the stairs to the most important tower, you will be rewarded with a breathtaking view of the city.
Josefov is Prague’s former Jewish ghetto. The synagogues, monuments and Jewish cemetery are reminiscent of this time. Josefov is one of the few ghettos the Nazis did not destroy because they wanted to keep the buildings as a reminder of an extinct people. The Jewish area is also known for its world-famous resident, Franz Kafka. You can visit the house he was born in and see where he used to take his walks.